Wednesday, February 3, 2010

Source of potential danger caused accidents.

Several sources of potential dangers of work accidents can be categorized as follows:

Chemicals.
Include flammable substances, toxic, corrosive, unstable, highly reactive, and dangerous gases. The use of carcinogenic compounds in industrial and laboratory is a significant problem, both because it is dangerous and the way in which the handling. Several steps must be taken in the handling of hazardous chemicals include management, how pengatasan, storage and labeling, safety in the laboratory, control and manipulation of the workplace, decontamination, disposal, emergency procedures, personal health workers, and training. Chemicals can cause an accident through the respiratory (such as poisonous gas), serapaan on the skin (liquid), or even ingested through the mouth for solids and liquids.

Hazardous chemicals can be classified into several categories, namely, the explosive chemicals (oxidizing, active metals, hydrides, metal alkyl, the compound is unstable in thermodynamics, flammable gases and flammable vapor). Corrosive chemical (strong inorganic acids, weak inorganic acids, strong organic acids, weak organic acids, alkyl strong, oxidizing, organic solvents). Chemicals that damage the lungs (asbestos), toxic chemicals, and carcinogenic chemicals (trigger cancer cell growth), and teratogenik.

Biological materials
Bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites are the biological materials are often used in industrial and laboratory scale. In this group of organisms not only alone, but also all the biochemical ingredients, including simple sugars, amino acids, and substrates used in industrial processes. Handling in storage, processing, and disposal of biological material is needed to get accuracy and caution, given the problems of contamination by organisms can cause damage to body cells that serious to employees or labor.

Electricity Flow
The use of equipment with great power will provide possibilities for the occurrence of occupational accidents. Some factors to consider include:

1. Use of safety switches that can decide if the use of electric current exceeds the limit / limit set by the tool.
2. Improvisation of electrical equipment must consider the safety standards of the equipment.
3. Use equipment in accordance with working conditions is necessary to avoid accidents.
4. Be careful with water. Do not ever leave that allows perkeraan electrical equipment fell or brush with water. Likewise with a spray of water directly interact with electrical equipment.
5. Be careful in building or repairing electrical equipment so as not to endanger other penguna by providing information on equipment specifications that have been repair.
6. Consideration that the chemicals can damage insulation and electrical equipment as a safety electrical current. Corrosive nature of chemicals can cause damage to electrical components.
7. Consider if the electrical installation work in explosive atmosphere. For example in the acid cabinet used to control combustible gases.
8. Operation temperature of electrical equipment will have an impact on the electrical insulation materials. Very low temperatures will cause the insulation from broken and damaged. Insulating materials made of polyvinyl clorida (PVC) is not well used at temperatures below 0 oC. Silicone rubber can be used at a temperature of -50 oC. The maximum limit of operating equipment is also important to note. Insulating material of polyvinyl clorida can be used until the temperature of 75 oC, while the silicone rubber can be used until the temperature of 150 oC.

Ionization Radiation
Ionization radiation can be removed from such equipment X-ray diffraction or internal radiation which is used by radioactive materials can enter the human body through breathing, or absorption through the skin. Non-ionizing radiation such as ultraviolet, infrared, radio frequency, laser, and electromagnetic radiation and magnetic fields should also be noted and considered as a source of occupational accidents.

Mechanical
Although the industry and more modern laboratory equipment is dominated by computer-controlled, including the robotic lifting heavy objects, but such mechanical work remains to be done. Mechanical work such as transport of raw materials, consumables replacement of equipment, still must be done manually, so that mistakes can lead to workplace procedures accidents. Workplace safety equipment such as helmets, gloves, shoes, and others need special attention within the scope of this work.

Fire
Almost all laboratory or industrial use of chemicals in a variety of manufacturing processes using termsuk, pemformulaan or analysis. Flammable liquids are frequently used in the laboratory or the hydrocarbon industry. Materials other flammable organic solvents such as acetone, benzene, butanol, ethanol, diethyl ether, carbon disulfide, toluene, hexane, and others. The workers must try to familiar and understand the information contained in the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS). MSDS document provides an explanation of the level of danger from any chemicals, including the quantity of materials allowed to be stored securely.

Another source of fire that can be derived from compounds that can explode or unstable. Many chemical compounds themselves inflammable or explosive when reacting with other compounds. Unstable compounds must be labeled in storage. Pressurized gas is also a source of occupational accidents due to the formation of the atmosphere of flammable gases.

Sound (noise)
Sources of occupational accidents which are generally seen in almost all industries, both small industries, medium, or large industry. Generators, cooling installations, or the vacuum machine, a few examples of the necessary equipment in the industry. Equipment has the potential to make a sound that can cause injuries and health problems. In addition to noise figure generated by machines, workers must consider how long they work in that environment. From the noise ear protectors should also be observed to ensure safety.

Several sources of potential dangers of work accidents can be categorized as follows:

Chemicals.
Include flammable substances, toxic, corrosive, unstable, highly reactive, and dangerous gases. The use of carcinogenic compounds in industrial and laboratory is a significant problem, both because it is dangerous and the way in which the handling. Several steps must be taken in the handling of hazardous chemicals include management, how pengatasan, storage and labeling, safety in the laboratory, control and manipulation of the workplace, decontamination, disposal, emergency procedures, personal health workers, and training. Chemicals can cause an accident through the respiratory (such as poisonous gas), serapaan on the skin (liquid), or even ingested through the mouth for solids and liquids.

Hazardous chemicals can be classified into several categories, namely, the explosive chemicals (oxidizing, active metals, hydrides, metal alkyl, the compound is unstable in thermodynamics, flammable gases and flammable vapor). Corrosive chemical (strong inorganic acids, weak inorganic acids, strong organic acids, weak organic acids, alkyl strong, oxidizing, organic solvents). Chemicals that damage the lungs (asbestos), toxic chemicals, and carcinogenic chemicals (trigger cancer cell growth), and teratogenik.

Biological materials
Bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites are the biological materials are often used in industrial and laboratory scale. In this group of organisms not only alone, but also all the biochemical ingredients, including simple sugars, amino acids, and substrates used in industrial processes. Handling in storage, processing, and disposal of biological material is needed to get accuracy and caution, given the problems of contamination by organisms can cause damage to body cells that serious to employees or labor.

Electricity Flow
The use of equipment with great power will provide possibilities for the occurrence of occupational accidents. Some factors to consider include:

1. Use of safety switches that can decide if the use of electric current exceeds the limit / limit set by the tool.
2. Improvisation of electrical equipment must consider the safety standards of the equipment.
3. Use equipment in accordance with working conditions is necessary to avoid accidents.
4. Be careful with water. Do not ever leave that allows perkeraan electrical equipment fell or brush with water. Likewise with a spray of water directly interact with electrical equipment.
5. Be careful in building or repairing electrical equipment so as not to endanger other penguna by providing information on equipment specifications that have been repair.
6. Consideration that the chemicals can damage insulation and electrical equipment as a safety electrical current. Corrosive nature of chemicals can cause damage to electrical components.
7. Consider if the electrical installation work in explosive atmosphere. For example in the acid cabinet used to control combustible gases.
8. Operation temperature of electrical equipment will have an impact on the electrical insulation materials. Very low temperatures will cause the insulation from broken and damaged. Insulating materials made of polyvinyl clorida (PVC) is not well used at temperatures below 0 oC. Silicone rubber can be used at a temperature of -50 oC. The maximum limit of operating equipment is also important to note. Insulating material of polyvinyl clorida can be used until the temperature of 75 oC, while the silicone rubber can be used until the temperature of 150 oC.

Ionization Radiation
Ionization radiation can be removed from such equipment X-ray diffraction or internal radiation which is used by radioactive materials can enter the human body through breathing, or absorption through the skin. Non-ionizing radiation such as ultraviolet, infrared, radio frequency, laser, and electromagnetic radiation and magnetic fields should also be noted and considered as a source of occupational accidents.

Mechanical
Although the industry and more modern laboratory equipment is dominated by computer-controlled, including the robotic lifting heavy objects, but such mechanical work remains to be done. Mechanical work such as transport of raw materials, consumables replacement of equipment, still must be done manually, so that mistakes can lead to workplace procedures accidents. Workplace safety equipment such as helmets, gloves, shoes, and others need special attention within the scope of this work.

Fire
Almost all laboratory or industrial use of chemicals in a variety of manufacturing processes using termsuk, pemformulaan or analysis. Flammable liquids are frequently used in the laboratory or the hydrocarbon industry. Materials other flammable organic solvents such as acetone, benzene, butanol, ethanol, diethyl ether, carbon disulfide, toluene, hexane, and others. The workers must try to familiar and understand the information contained in the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS). MSDS document provides an explanation of the level of danger from any chemicals, including the quantity of materials allowed to be stored securely.

Another source of fire that can be derived from compounds that can explode or unstable. Many chemical compounds themselves inflammable or explosive when reacting with other compounds. Unstable compounds must be labeled in storage. Pressurized gas is also a source of occupational accidents due to the formation of the atmosphere of flammable gases.

Sound (noise)
Sources of occupational accidents which are generally seen in almost all industries, both small industries, medium, or large industry. Generators, cooling installations, or the vacuum machine, a few examples of the necessary equipment in the industry. Equipment has the potential to make a sound that can cause injuries and health problems. In addition to noise figure generated by machines, workers must consider how long they work in that environment. From the noise ear protectors should also be observed to ensure safety.

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