Friday, March 12, 2010

How Crude Oil Formed?

Human beings live in this world can hardly be separated from petroleum. Not only for the fuel we use oil. Did anyone realize that our clothing is using components derived from petroleum? Even up to the fertilizer was using oil, so the plants can flourish and produce various kinds of plants.

Electric home lighting was also using a generator, fuel from petroleum. Paints, plastics, DVDs, artificial heart valves, and other things that use materials from petroleum. How oil if it was gone, or gone back up?

Then how do these petroleum formed?
Petroleum is formed from organisms, plants, and animals, are so small that lived in ancient seas. Once these organisms die, and then buried in the seabed and then buried by sand and mud. Then he will form a rich layer of organic matter that would eventually become sedimentary rock. This process is repeated continuously, so that a layer will close the next layer. And this went on for millions of years. Over millions of years that the ocean is also possible to shrink and move because of the movement of earth plates.

Sediment formed oxygen is generally poor. So it is not possible organic material from organisms, plants, and animals are decomposed by sempurnya. But there are anaerobic bacteria (not using oxygen in her life) that break down this material, bit by bit, molecule by molecule, over millions of years into a rich material of hydrogen and carbon. Terdekomposisinya line with this material, there was also pressure caused by the rocks that settle on it, so that the temperature and pressure are high and then gradually will change the remnants of organic material into oil and gas.

The resulting oil is then will move into the top layer of rock due to low density. This oil will go to the rock pores have a size sufficient. So that the oil will accumulate in the rock layers. Layer of rock that can contain this oil is called the oil reservoir.

Rocks which contain petroleum oldest known age of more than 600 million years. Meanwhile, the youngest was about 1-million years. We can imagine how long the oil formation. Formation of a long time is what causes including petroleum resources can not be updated. So that we should conserve the use of this oil for human survival.

Human beings live in this world can hardly be separated from petroleum. Not only for the fuel we use oil. Did anyone realize that our clothing is using components derived from petroleum? Even up to the fertilizer was using oil, so the plants can flourish and produce various kinds of plants.

Electric home lighting was also using a generator, fuel from petroleum. Paints, plastics, DVDs, artificial heart valves, and other things that use materials from petroleum. How oil if it was gone, or gone back up?

Then how do these petroleum formed?
Petroleum is formed from organisms, plants, and animals, are so small that lived in ancient seas. Once these organisms die, and then buried in the seabed and then buried by sand and mud. Then he will form a rich layer of organic matter that would eventually become sedimentary rock. This process is repeated continuously, so that a layer will close the next layer. And this went on for millions of years. Over millions of years that the ocean is also possible to shrink and move because of the movement of earth plates.

Sediment formed oxygen is generally poor. So it is not possible organic material from organisms, plants, and animals are decomposed by sempurnya. But there are anaerobic bacteria (not using oxygen in her life) that break down this material, bit by bit, molecule by molecule, over millions of years into a rich material of hydrogen and carbon. Terdekomposisinya line with this material, there was also pressure caused by the rocks that settle on it, so that the temperature and pressure are high and then gradually will change the remnants of organic material into oil and gas.

The resulting oil is then will move into the top layer of rock due to low density. This oil will go to the rock pores have a size sufficient. So that the oil will accumulate in the rock layers. Layer of rock that can contain this oil is called the oil reservoir.

Rocks which contain petroleum oldest known age of more than 600 million years. Meanwhile, the youngest was about 1-million years. We can imagine how long the oil formation. Formation of a long time is what causes including petroleum resources can not be updated. So that we should conserve the use of this oil for human survival.

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