Monday, March 1, 2010

Conversion Process.

Conversion process aims to gain faction with the quantity and quality according to market demand. For example, to meet the needs of high gasoline fraction, then some fraction of long chain needs to be changed / converted to a fraction of short chains.

In addition, the fraction of gasoline must contain more hydrocarbon chain branching / alisiklik / aromatic than the straight chain. Thus, the conversion process is required for structural rearrangements of hydrocarbon molecules.

Several types of conversion processes in the refinery are:

* Perengkahan (cracking)
Perengkahan is solving large molecules into small molecules. For example, light oil fraction perengkahan / weight to the fraction of gas, gasoline, kerosene, and diesel oil / diesel.

* Reforming
Reforming aims to change the molecular structure of a straight chain branched chain / alisiklik / aromatic. For example, straight chain component (C5? C6) from the fraction converted to aromatic gasoline.

* Alkilasi
Alkilasi the merger of small molecules into large molecules. For instance, incorporation of molecules into butena propene and fractional components of gasoline.

* Coking
Coking is the process of the solid residue fraction perengkahan a fraction of fuel oil and hydrocarbon intermediate. In this process, resulting coke (coke). Coke is used in the aluminum industry as an electrode for the extraction of metal Al.

The separation of impurities in the fraction
Fractions contain various impurities, among other organic compounds containing S, N, O; water; metals and inorganic salts. Impurities can be separated with a way to spend faction through:-Tower of sulfuric acid, which serves to separate the unsaturated hydrocarbons, nitrogen compounds, oxygen compounds, and solid residues such as asphalt.

-Absorption tower, which contains a drying agent to separate the water.
-Scrubber, which serves to separate the sulfur / sulfur compounds.

Mixing FACTION
Mixture fraction were conducted to obtain final product in accordance with the desired.
For example:
* Fraction of gasoline mixed with hydrocarbon chain branching / alisiklik / aromatic and various additives to obtain a certain quality. (See the section of gas).
* Fraction lubricant blended with various hydrocarbons and additives to obtain a certain quality.
* Fraction naphtha with various quality (grade) for the petrochemical industry. Furthermore, these products are ready to be marketed to various places, such as refueling and petrochemical industries.

Conversion process aims to gain faction with the quantity and quality according to market demand. For example, to meet the needs of high gasoline fraction, then some fraction of long chain needs to be changed / converted to a fraction of short chains.

In addition, the fraction of gasoline must contain more hydrocarbon chain branching / alisiklik / aromatic than the straight chain. Thus, the conversion process is required for structural rearrangements of hydrocarbon molecules.

Several types of conversion processes in the refinery are:

* Perengkahan (cracking)
Perengkahan is solving large molecules into small molecules. For example, light oil fraction perengkahan / weight to the fraction of gas, gasoline, kerosene, and diesel oil / diesel.

* Reforming
Reforming aims to change the molecular structure of a straight chain branched chain / alisiklik / aromatic. For example, straight chain component (C5? C6) from the fraction converted to aromatic gasoline.

* Alkilasi
Alkilasi the merger of small molecules into large molecules. For instance, incorporation of molecules into butena propene and fractional components of gasoline.

* Coking
Coking is the process of the solid residue fraction perengkahan a fraction of fuel oil and hydrocarbon intermediate. In this process, resulting coke (coke). Coke is used in the aluminum industry as an electrode for the extraction of metal Al.

The separation of impurities in the fraction
Fractions contain various impurities, among other organic compounds containing S, N, O; water; metals and inorganic salts. Impurities can be separated with a way to spend faction through:-Tower of sulfuric acid, which serves to separate the unsaturated hydrocarbons, nitrogen compounds, oxygen compounds, and solid residues such as asphalt.

-Absorption tower, which contains a drying agent to separate the water.
-Scrubber, which serves to separate the sulfur / sulfur compounds.

Mixing FACTION
Mixture fraction were conducted to obtain final product in accordance with the desired.
For example:
* Fraction of gasoline mixed with hydrocarbon chain branching / alisiklik / aromatic and various additives to obtain a certain quality. (See the section of gas).
* Fraction lubricant blended with various hydrocarbons and additives to obtain a certain quality.
* Fraction naphtha with various quality (grade) for the petrochemical industry. Furthermore, these products are ready to be marketed to various places, such as refueling and petrochemical industries.

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