Monday, March 1, 2010

Petroleum Fraction.

Crude oil (crude oil) mostly composed of compounds in saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes). The unsaturated hydrocarbons (alkenes, alkynes and alkadiena) very little dkandung by oil, for easy addition of the alkane experience.

Therefore berasl oil from fossil organisms, meaning oil containing sulfur compounds (0.1 to 7%), nitrogen (0.01 to 0.9%), oxygen (0,6-0,4%) and metal compounds in smaller quantities sanagt. Crude oil is separated into several fractions through a distillation process (distillation).

Crude separation into pure components (single compound) not possible and also not cause too much prakstis existing compounds in the oil and hydrocarbons have isomers with close boiling points. Fractions obtained from petroleum distillate is a mixture of hydrocarbons that boil at a certain temperature trajectory. For example petroleum fractions (kerosene) is composed of a mixture of compounds boiling between 1800C-2500C.

The first process in the processing of petroleum is fractionation of crude oil distillation process by using multilevel, as for the results obtained are as follows:
Time:
1. Oil can evaporate: lubricating oils, wax, paraffin, and petroleum jelly.
2. Materials that can not evaporate: asphalt and petroleum coke

Crude oil (crude oil) mostly composed of compounds in saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes). The unsaturated hydrocarbons (alkenes, alkynes and alkadiena) very little dkandung by oil, for easy addition of the alkane experience.

Therefore berasl oil from fossil organisms, meaning oil containing sulfur compounds (0.1 to 7%), nitrogen (0.01 to 0.9%), oxygen (0,6-0,4%) and metal compounds in smaller quantities sanagt. Crude oil is separated into several fractions through a distillation process (distillation).

Crude separation into pure components (single compound) not possible and also not cause too much prakstis existing compounds in the oil and hydrocarbons have isomers with close boiling points. Fractions obtained from petroleum distillate is a mixture of hydrocarbons that boil at a certain temperature trajectory. For example petroleum fractions (kerosene) is composed of a mixture of compounds boiling between 1800C-2500C.

The first process in the processing of petroleum is fractionation of crude oil distillation process by using multilevel, as for the results obtained are as follows:
Time:
1. Oil can evaporate: lubricating oils, wax, paraffin, and petroleum jelly.
2. Materials that can not evaporate: asphalt and petroleum coke

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